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Juerg Feldmann

Fortiori Design LLC
Posts: 1,530
Here we will simply list some findings from other accepted group as we have similar or equal findings but we are biased   as we use MOXY like other people breath O2  or drink H2O
 Here to enjoy and give it some thoughts.
Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2009 Dec;197(4):313-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.2009.02003.x. Epub 2009 May 12.

Low-volume muscle endurance training prevents decrease in muscle oxidative and endurance function during 21-day forearm immobilization.


Department of Sports Sciences, Japan Institute of Sports Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.



To examine the effects of low-volume muscle endurance training on muscle oxidative capacity, endurance and strength of the forearm muscle during 21-day forearm immobilization (IMM-21d).


The non-dominant arm (n = 15) was immobilized for 21 days with a cast and assigned to an immobilization-only group (Imm-group; n = 7) or an immobilization with training group (Imm+Tr-group; n = 8). Training comprised dynamic handgrip exercise at 30% of pre-intervention maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) at 1 Hz until exhaustion, twice a week during the immobilization period. The duration of each exercise session was 51.7 +/- 3.4 s (mean +/- SE). Muscle oxidative capacity was evaluated by the time constant for phosphocreatine recovery (tau(off)PCr) after a submaximal handgrip exercise using (31)phosphorus-magnetic resonance spectroscopy. An endurance test was performed at 30% of pre-intervention MVC, at 1 Hz, until exhaustion.


tau(off)PCr was significantly prolonged in the Imm-group after 21 days (42.0 +/- 2.8 and 64.2 +/- 5.1 s, pre- and post-intervention respectively; P < 0.01) but did not change for the Imm+Tr-group (50.3 +/- 3.0 and 48.8 +/- 5.0 s, ns). Endurance decreased significantly for the Imm-group (55.1 +/- 5.1 and 44.7 +/- 4.6 s, P < 0.05) but did not change for the Imm+Tr-group (47.9 +/- 3.0 and 51.7 +/- 4.0 s, ns). MVC decreased similarly in both groups (P < 0.01).


Twice-weekly muscle endurance training sessions, each lasting approx. 50 s, effectively prevented a decrease in muscle oxidative capacity and endurance; however, there was no effect on MVC decline with IMM-21d.

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